Round barrow N of Reaverhill
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1006509
Date first listed: 01-Aug-1961
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: NY 90767 73771
Round barrow, 438m north east of River Hill.
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
Despite the fact that it has been subject to ploughing, significant archaeological deposits remain at the site of the round barrow north east of River Hill. Cists associated with burials are considered to remain at the site as are the buried remains of a surrounding ditch. This monument will provide insight into Bronze Age ritual and funerary practice.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 May 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes the buried remains of a round barrow of Bronze Age date, situated on the summit of a knoll. The round barrow is visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark. Partial excavation in 1964 revealed a stone cist containing skeletal remains and an Early Bronze Age dagger. The monument is understood to be the Kip Hill barrow, in which five cists containing urns were removed in about 1834.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: ND 338
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:- 19215
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing