East Moneylaws camp
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1006523
Date first listed: 09-Apr-1951
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: NT 88068 35401
Defended settlement, 755m east of West Moneylaws.
Reasons for Designation
During the earlier Iron Age (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance.
The value of the defended settlement east of West Moneylaws is enhanced by the presence of a broadly contemporary settlement enclosure on the top of Moneylaws Hill to the south west. Despite the erosion of its upstanding earthworks, the monument is partially preserved as a low earthwork. The remaining ramparts and below ground features of the monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 May 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a defended settlement of Iron Age date, situated on a slight rise on the north east slopes of Moneylaws Hill. The enclosure measures approximately 110m north east-south west and 55m north west-south east. It is surrounded by a single rampart surviving as a low earthwork and aerial photography suggests that there was a second rampart on the north side, three ramparts on the south side and three ditches, which will survive as features below ground. The monument is covered by ridge and furrow.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: ND 253
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:- 1109
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing