Univallate hillfort, Romano-British enclosed settlement and medieval farmstead, 224m north west of Chesters

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006541

Date first listed: 24-Sep-1934

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Univallate hillfort, Romano-British enclosed settlement and medieval farmstead, 224m north west of Chesters
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Alnham

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

National Grid Reference: NT 98485 14888

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. In view of the rarity of slight univallate hillforts all examples which survive comparatively well and have potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.

Prickly Knowe univallate hillfort is well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape. Its importance is enhanced as it forms part of a wider group of prehistoric monuments in the Breamish Valley including the multi-phase landscape of Ingram Farm. The later use of the hillfort for both Romano-British and medieval settlement adds to the importance of the monument and will inform our knowledge of settlement continuity in the uplands.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a univallate hillfort of Iron Age date, a Romano-British settlement and a medieval settlement, situated north east of the summit of Prickly Knowe on a gentle slope with ground falling away steeply to the north and east. The hillfort is visible as a circular enclosure, measuring approximately 81m east to west by 76m north to south, within a stone-built rampart. An outer rampart is visible as a low earthwork to the south and south east. The hillfort has entrances on its south east, west, north and north east sides. Within the interior of the hillfort are the remains of at least seven hut circles and low banks forming internal divisions, some of which are interpreted as a later Romano-British phase of occupation. Some 8m west of the hillfort there are the foundations of another Romano-British stone hut circle measuring 14.8m in diameter. This hut circle was partially excavated in the 19th century, when a glass bead and quern were found. Attached to the southern rampart of the hillfort there is a low walled rectangular building measuring 28m east-west by 8.2m thought to have been constructed of re-used rubble from the adjacent hillfort. An attached low-walled enclosure measuring 17.6m by 15m has an entrance on its south side and this is considered to be the remains of a small medieval settlement. Situated some 6m east of the hillfort is a sub-rectangular enclosure measuring 20m by 10m with walls standing to a height of 0.4m. The form of the enclosure indicates it to be of medieval date and is likely to have been associated with the farmstead to the south west.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 2230, 1058619 (enclosure), 1058618 (farmstead), 1058620 (hut circle) NMR:- NT91SE3 (hillfort), NT91SE292 (enclosure), NT91SE291 (farmstead), NT91SE293 (hut circle) Northumberland HER:- 1332

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ND 186

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing