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The Battle Stone, 650m WNW of Yeavering Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The Battle Stone, 650m WNW of Yeavering Farm

List entry Number: 1006562

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kirknewton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 158

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance. In addition to being a prehistoric monument, the Battle Stone has historical connections with an important battle. Taken together with Yeavering Bell hillfort, the site of Old Yeavering Anglo-Saxon township and Old Yeavering Henge, the Battle Stone forms an important part of a multi-period landscape from the Late Neoltihic through to the medieval period.

History

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Details

The monument includes a standing stone of Neolithic/Bronze Age date, situated on flat ground overlooked to the south by Yeavering Bell. The stone stands approximately 2.3m above the surrounding ground level. The stone fell in 1890 and was re-erected in 1924. The name of the stone derives from a traditional association with the victory by Sir Robert Umfreville over the Scots at Geteryne in 1415, however, its form and position suggests that it is a prehistoric standing stone. The standing stone is in alignment with the opposed entrances of Old Yeavering Henge, which is preserved as a cropmark and lies 150m to the WNW.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 3938 NMR:- NT93SW40 Northumberland HER:- 2016

Selected Sources

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National Grid Reference: NT 92990 30380

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 10:48:42.

End of official listing