Wayside cross 35m south of Heligan House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006629

Date first listed: 25-Sep-1934

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross 35m south of Heligan House
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Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Ewe

National Grid Reference: SW 99914 46394


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite having been re-used as a door post, moved and relocated, the wayside cross 35m south of Heligan House survives well and its carving remains clear.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a wayside cross, situated in the grounds of Heligan House. The cross survives as a decorated wheel-head on a long, slightly tapering, rectangular section shaft. The whole stands to a height of approximately 2.4m and is set into the edge of the formal lawn. The head is decorated on both sides with an equal-armed cross in relief. The cross was found at Bokiddeck Farm, in the parish of Lanivet, in 1878 where it was used inverted as the door post of a porch. It was removed and brought to its current location in 1901.

The cross is Listed Grade II (71508). The cross lies within a Registered Park and Garden (1521).

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-429634


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 246

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing