Reasons for Designation
Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone circles are prehistoric monuments comprising one or more circles of upright or recumbent stones. The circle of stones may be surrounded by earthwork features such as enclosing banks and ditches. Single upright stones may be found within the circle or outside it and avenues of stones radiating out from the circle occur at some sites. Burial cairns may also be found close to and on occasion within the circle. Stone circles are found throughout England, although they are concentrated in western areas, with particular clusters in upland areas such as Bodmin and Dartmoor in the south-west and the Lake District and the rest of Cumbria in the north-west. This distribution may be more a reflection of present survival rather than an original pattern. Where excavated they have been found to date from the Late Neolithic to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2400-1000 BC). It is clear that they were designed and laid out carefully, frequently exhibiting very regularly spaced stones, the heights of which also appear to have been of some importance. We do not fully understand the uses for which these monuments were originally constructed but it is clear that they had considerable ritual importance for the societies that used them. In many instances excavation has indicated that they provided a focus for burials and rituals that accompanied interment of the dead. Some circles appear to have had a calendrical function, helping mark the passage of time and seasons, this being indicated by the careful alignment of stones to mark important solar or lunar events such as sunrise or sunset at midsummer or midwinter. At other sites the spacing of individual circles throughout the landscape has led to a suggestion that each one provided some form of tribal gathering point for a specific social group. Of the 150 or so stone circles identified in England, sixteen are located on Bodmin Moor. Despite the removal of some stones, some restoration and partial excavation, the large regular stone circle called the Trippet Stones survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the circle, its function, longevity, ritual and funerary practices, territorial significance and overall landscape context.
The monument includes a large, regular stone circle situated on an upland ridge on Manor Common overlooking the small valley of a tributary to the De Lank River. The stone circle survives as a 33m diameter ring of twelve stones, eight of which are upright with the rest recumbent. The upright stones vary in height from 1.2m to 1.4m, and some are leaning. Originally the stone circle contained 26 stones. A stone near the centre is inscribed with the letter 'C' and is a more recent boundary stone. Four flint flakes were recovered in a partial excavation by Gray in 1905. In 2005 a stone, which fell since sometime in the 1970's, was re-erected and some consolidation work was undertaken to ensure the preservation of the monument.
PastScape Monument No:-433066