Multi-span bridge called Berriow Bridge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006702

Date first listed: 26-Nov-1928

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Multi-span bridge called Berriow Bridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 27315 75666

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Multi-span bridges are structures of two or more arches supported on piers. They were constructed throughout the medieval period for the use of pedestrians and packhorse or vehicular traffic, crossing rivers or streams, often replacing or supplementing earlier fords. During the early medieval period timber was used, but from the 12th century stone (and later brick) bridges became more common, with the piers sometimes supported by a timber raft. Most stone or brick bridges were constructed with pointed arches, although semicircular and segmental examples are also known. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where medieval bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. The roadway was often originally cobbled or gravelled. The building and maintenance of bridges was frequently carried out by the church and by guilds, although landowners were also required to maintain bridges. From the mid-13th century the right to collect tolls, known as pontage, was granted to many bridges, usually for repairs. Despite being widened in 1890, this was done in a sympathetic manner and the multi-span bridge called Berriow Bridge retains its original character and survives well. As well as its historic and architectural interest, it will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, repair, and importance for transport, communication, trade and social significance as well as its overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a multi-span bridge at Berriowbridge, which crosses the River Lynher. The bridge survives as three pointed arches with chamfered arch rings and wide piers constructed from coursed granite with a parapet topped with granite coping. The cutwaters and piers are almost as wide as the arches and continue up to form two refuges on each parapet. The bridge dates to the 16th century. It was repaired in 1640 and widened, on the upstream side, in 1890. The bridge was mentioned by Norden in 1584 and was originally 2.6m wide. The bridge is Listed Grade II* (431967).

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-435171

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 75

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing