This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Romano-British settlement on Bullocks Haste Common

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Romano-British settlement on Bullocks Haste Common

List entry Number: 1006897

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: South Cambridgeshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cottenham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Feb-1971

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CB 66

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Roman period, particularly during the second century AD, the Fenland silts around the Wash and areas on and close to the margins of the peat fens were extensively and often densely occupied and farmed. Rural settlements were small, comprising individual farmsteads or, more often, groups of several farmsteads organised in small villages which, with their associated field systems, were aligned along droves. The earliest of such settlements, which are dated to the later first century AD, are generally very small and differ little in general appearance from certain settlements of the preceding Iron Age, although Iron Age settlements in the Fenland region are not so numerous or widespread. During the second century, when small and large-scale engineering projects, including the construction of roads and canals, were carried out widely in the Fens, the size and complexity of the settlements tended to increase and the layout of droves and fields to become more regular. Numerous Roman settlements of this type, with their associated field systems, have been recorded in the Fens, particularly through air photography, and they serve to illustrate both the nature of small-scale farming during the period of the Roman occupation and the ways in which a local population adapted to and exploited a particular environment. Many of the sites have, however, been reduced by medieval and later agriculture, and very few remain with upstanding earthworks, with a varied range of identifiable features and/or evidence for the survival of environmental remains. Consequently, all sites which survive as earthworks or which have a varied range of identifiable features are considered to be of national importance. The Romano-British settlement on Bullocks Haste Common is a well preserved example. The earthwork and cropmark features indicate the level of survival of significant archaeological deposits as well as the diversity of the remains. The juxtaposition of Car Dyke and the settlement provides an important physical relationship which will increase our knowledge and understanding of the structure of Romano-British settlement and the infrastructure which supported it both locally and in the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Romano-British settlement including a complex series of associated dykes and field systems. The monument is situated on flat ground on Bullocks Haste Common to the north west and south east of Willow Farm. In the area to the south east of Car Dyke the earthworks denoting the field system with trackways and house platforms survive up to 1m high. The rest of the area has been ploughed but the buried remains are clearly visible on aerial photographs where ditched drove-ways and small enclosures are apparent. A small area of the site was investigated by J.G.D. Clark in 1947and produced pottery from the 2nd to 4th centuries as well as some masonry, and a bronze bust identified as the Emperor Commodus. Sources: NMR TL47SE4; Mon No 372111; Cambs HER 5330

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 46439 70343, TL 46704 70130

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1006897 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 07:48:09.

End of official listing