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Infell Wood medieval enclosure, 550m north west of Scargreen

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Infell Wood medieval enclosure, 550m north west of Scargreen

List entry Number: 1007115

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Copeland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ponsonby

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Jan-1972

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CU 390

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Tower houses are a type of defensible house particularly characteristic of the borderlands of England and Scotland. Virtually every parish had at least one of these buildings. Solitary towers were normally accompanied by a small outer enclosure defined by a timber or stone wall and called a barmkin. Tower houses were being constructed and used from at least the 13th century to the end of the 16th century. They provided prestigious defended houses permanently occupied by the wealthier and aristocratic members of society. As such, they were important centres of medieval life. The need for such secure buildings relates to the unsettled and frequently war-like conditions which prevailed in the Borders throughout much of the medieval period. Around 200 examples of tower houses have been identified of which less than half are of the free- standing or solitary tower type. All surviving solitary towers retaining significant medieval remains will normally be identified as nationally important. Infell Wood medieval enclosure, 550m north west of Scargreen survives well and provides insight into the character of enclosed residences during the medieval period. The monument is representative of its period and its region and will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment.

History

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Details

The monument includes the remains of a medieval enclosure situated on a north east facing slope just off the brow of a hill overlooking the valley of Scargreen Beck. The enclosure is rectangular in plan and measures approximately 75m by 50m. It is surrounded by a shallow ditch and a double 1.5m high bank with entrances on its east and south west sides. Within the north angle of the enclosure is an infilled circular pond with a diameter of 13.5m. The form and non-defensive location of the enclosure have been understood to indicate that it is a pele garth, or a stock enclosure containing a pele tower.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 8632 NMR:- NY00NE1 Lake District National Park HER:- 5402

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NY 06045 06124

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 01:08:59.

End of official listing