Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007135

Date first listed: 19-Jan-1968

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Culgaith

National Grid Reference: NY 65211 32198

Summary

The Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony, Medieval Lynchets and Building Platform.

Reasons for Designation

Strip lynchets provide distinctive indications of medieval cultivation, representing a means to increase the land available for cultivation by the construction of terraces on steep slopes. The fields thus formed were used as a part of the strip tenurial system of medieval land division. They occur widely in southern and south eastern England, and are prominent features on the Wessex chalkland. Each lynchet or terrace has two components, consisting of a scarp or riser and flat strip or tread. They can be up to 600m in length, and whilst many systems include only two or three lynchets, some have five, six or more.

The Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony lynchets and building platform are reasonably well-preserved and provide insight into medieval farming practice. Due to their prominent position they are a significant landmark in the local landscape and will contain archaeological deposits relating to their construction, use and abandonment.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 29 March 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a series of medieval lynchets and a building platform, situated on a hillock next to Ran Beck. The lynchets, or cultivation terraces, lie on the breast of the hillock overlooking the beck and are laid out with two terraces, fanning out into four terraces and then returning to two terraces again. Ramps between terraces are preserved as earthworks, there is also an unenclosed spring known as Mark Anthony’s Well at the west end of the site and on the top of the hillock are the foundations of a circular building and a revetted bank.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CU 380

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 13668

End of official listing