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Medieval site in Netherhall Park, left bank of River Ellen

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval site in Netherhall Park, left bank of River Ellen

List entry Number: 1007141

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Allerdale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Maryport

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Mar-1972

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CU 389

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Moated site, 180m SSW of Netherhall.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 180m SSW of Nether Hall is preserved as an earthwork and will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape. The monument lies in a landscape rich in Roman and medieval monuments. These monuments include Netherall tower house situated on the opposite bank of the River Ellen, which is understood to have succeeded this moated site. Taken together the monuments provide insight into the development of fortified residences in the medieval period.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 29 March 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a moated site of medieval date, situated on level ground in a bend of the River Ellen. The rectangular enclosure, which measures approximately 50m by 40m, is surrounded by a 1m high bank and a partial ditch. Partial excavation of the site in 1913 retrieved pottery dated to the 14th century. The earthworks are understood to be the remains of a moated manor house.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 8990

National Grid Reference: NY 04108 36552

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 10:44:16.

End of official listing