Roman milestone, 180m north west of Spitals

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007172
Date first listed:
19-Jan-1962
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Roman milestone, 180m north west of Spitals
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
County:
Cumbria
District:
Eden (District Authority)
Parish:
Kirkby Thore
County:
Cumbria
District:
Eden (District Authority)
Parish:
Temple Sowerby
National Grid Reference:
NY 61990 26444

Reasons for Designation

Roman milestones were generally stone pillars with Latin inscriptions set up when a road was first constructed or when it was repaired. The inscriptions usually give the distance to the next, named, town. They also give the name of the reigning emperor and the particular year of his reign in which the milestone was erected, thus allowing milestones to be accurately dated. Later emperors were often commemorated by a second inscription added to the existing milestone, or by a milestone set up nearby. Later examples from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD seem to have been erected for propaganda purposes and they usually give only the emperor's name and titles. Although the Roman road network was extensive in England, serving both military and economic needs, and although many survive in museums, milestones in their original locations are comparatively rare, with only around fifty examples recorded. As a rare monument class, all surviving examples will be considered to be of national importance. Roman milestone, 180m north west of Spitals is rare nationally as it is believed to still stand in its original position. The monument is representative of its period and provides insight into the Roman road system and its importance both militarily and economically. The fact that it also marks a parish boundary is of additional significance, a demonstration of the influence of the Romans on modern administrative boundaries.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Roman milestone situated on the north side of the Roman road that crosses the Pennines from Scotch Corner to Brougham. The cylindrical milestone, which stands to a height of about 1.3m, is carved from red sandstone and is thought to stand in its original position. It also stands on the parish boundary between Temple Sowerby and Kirkby Thore.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 13558 NMR:- NY32NW3 Cumbria HER:- 2801

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CU 263
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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