This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Roman milestone, 180m north west of Spitals

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roman milestone, 180m north west of Spitals

List entry Number: 1007172

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kirkby Thore

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Temple Sowerby

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Jan-1962

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CU 263

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman milestones were generally stone pillars with Latin inscriptions set up when a road was first constructed or when it was repaired. The inscriptions usually give the distance to the next, named, town. They also give the name of the reigning emperor and the particular year of his reign in which the milestone was erected, thus allowing milestones to be accurately dated. Later emperors were often commemorated by a second inscription added to the existing milestone, or by a milestone set up nearby. Later examples from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD seem to have been erected for propaganda purposes and they usually give only the emperor's name and titles. Although the Roman road network was extensive in England, serving both military and economic needs, and although many survive in museums, milestones in their original locations are comparatively rare, with only around fifty examples recorded. As a rare monument class, all surviving examples will be considered to be of national importance. Roman milestone, 180m north west of Spitals is rare nationally as it is believed to still stand in its original position. The monument is representative of its period and provides insight into the Roman road system and its importance both militarily and economically. The fact that it also marks a parish boundary is of additional significance, a demonstration of the influence of the Romans on modern administrative boundaries.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Roman milestone situated on the north side of the Roman road that crosses the Pennines from Scotch Corner to Brougham. The cylindrical milestone, which stands to a height of about 1.3m, is carved from red sandstone and is thought to stand in its original position. It also stands on the parish boundary between Temple Sowerby and Kirkby Thore.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 13558 NMR:- NY32NW3 Cumbria HER:- 2801

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NY 61990 26444

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007172 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Oct-2017 at 02:20:12.

End of official listing