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Roman fortlet, 200m SSE of Castrigg

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roman fortlet, 200m SSE of Castrigg

List entry Number: 1007174

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Long Marton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Jul-1963

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CU 265

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman fortlets are small rectangular enclosures with rounded corners defined by a fortified rampart of turf and earth with one or more outer ditches. The ramparts were originally revetted at the front and rear by timber uprights in shallow trenches and were almost certainly crowned with timber wall walks and parapets. Fortlets were constructed from the first century AD to at least the later fourth century AD to provide accommodation for a small detachment of troops generally deployed on a temporary basis of between one to two years and supplied by a fort in the same area. The function of fortlets varies from place to place; some were positioned to guard river crossings or roads, particularly at vulnerable points such as crossroads, whilst others acted as supply bases for signal towers. Roman fortlets are rare nationally with approximately 50 examples known in Britain, half of which are located in Scotland. As such, and as one of a small group of Roman military monuments which are important in representing army strategy and therefore government policy, fortlets are of particular significance to our understanding of the period and all surviving examples are considered nationally important. The Roman fortlet 200m SSE of Castrigg is preserved as a cropmark and in places as a slight earthwork. The monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment. The monument is representative of its period and provides insight into the Roman military occupation of England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Roman fortlet situated on a slight rise adjacent to the northern side of the course of the former Roman road from Scotch Corner to Brougham. The fortlet includes a sub-square enclosure, preserved as a cropmark and in places as a very slight earthwork. The enclosure covers an area of approximately 0.5ha. and is surrounded by an intermittent double ditch. In the north east corner of the interior is a double ring ditch which is interpreted as the remains of a Roman signal station.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 13605 NMR:- NY62SE4 Cumbria HER:- 1653

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NY 67481 22172

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Oct-2017 at 05:43:11.

End of official listing