Three round cairns 190m south of White Brackens House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007224

Date first listed: 10-Nov-1964

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three round cairns 190m south of White Brackens House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007224 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2018 at 07:27:50.

Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Mallerstang

National Grid Reference: NY 77642 04444, NY 77652 04408, NY 77680 04410

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The three round cairns south of White Brackens House are good examples. Like many similar round cairns, they have been subjected to partial, antiquarian excavation, but unusually, details concerning these investigations are known. Knowledge of these finds, combined with the earthwork survival of the cairns provides important insights into the character of funerary ritual during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas, includes the remains of three Bronze Age round cairns situated just above the south west bank of the River Eden. The northern cairn is the largest and measures approximately 20m in diameter. To the south and south east there are two smaller cairns, both around 7m in diameter, the eastern of the two standing slightly higher at around 0.75m high. All three cairns were partially excavated by Cannon Greenwell in 1866. The first cairn contained deposits of charcoal and worked flint. The small cairn to its south contained a small pottery vessel known as a pygmy cup and the cairn covered a central pit with a stone cover, within which lay a bone pin and the cremated bones of a child.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 14763 NMR:- NY70SE4 Cumbria HER:- 2021, 2022, 2023

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CU 98

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing