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Three round cairns 190m south of White Brackens House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three round cairns 190m south of White Brackens House

List entry Number: 1007224

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Mallerstang

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CU 98

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The three round cairns south of White Brackens House are good examples. Like many similar round cairns, they have been subjected to partial, antiquarian excavation, but unusually, details concerning these investigations are known. Knowledge of these finds, combined with the earthwork survival of the cairns provides important insights into the character of funerary ritual during the Bronze Age.

History

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Details

The monument, which falls into three areas, includes the remains of three Bronze Age round cairns situated just above the south west bank of the River Eden. The northern cairn is the largest and measures approximately 20m in diameter. To the south and south east there are two smaller cairns, both around 7m in diameter, the eastern of the two standing slightly higher at around 0.75m high. All three cairns were partially excavated by Cannon Greenwell in 1866. The first cairn contained deposits of charcoal and worked flint. The small cairn to its south contained a small pottery vessel known as a pygmy cup and the cairn covered a central pit with a stone cover, within which lay a bone pin and the cremated bones of a child.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 14763 NMR:- NY70SE4 Cumbria HER:- 2021, 2022, 2023

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NY 77642 04444, NY 77652 04408, NY 77680 04410

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 10:31:54.

End of official listing