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Round barrow 200yds (180m) NE of Hell Gill Howe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow 200yds (180m) NE of Hell Gill Howe

List entry Number: 1007259

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hartley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Sep-1976

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CU 27

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Round barrow, 400m east of Brewery Bridge.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow 400m east of Brewery Bridge is reasonably well-preserved with evidence of internal structures associated with burial. The monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction and use and provides insight into funerary practices in the later Neolithic and Bronze Age.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 February 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age round barrow, situated on a north west facing slope overlooking Hartley Beck. The barrow is sub-oval in plan with maximum dimensions of approximately 8m and stands about 0.75m in height. The barrow is preserved as a turf-covered earthwork with two slabs of stone protruding from its top. The largest slab measures 1m by 0.6m and comparison with similar monuments suggests that it represents the top of a burial cist.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 14656

National Grid Reference: NY 78695 08663

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2017 at 11:05:30.

End of official listing