Standing stone 135m north west of Menear Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007283

Date first listed: 19-Aug-1977

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Ordnance survey map of Standing stone 135m north west of Menear Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2018 at 17:41:36.


Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Carlyon

National Grid Reference: SX 03433 54457


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. The standing stone 135m north west of Menear Farm survives well and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its erection, longevity, function, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a standing stone, situated close to the summit of a prominent hill. The standing stone survives as an upright, earthfast tapering monolith of dark tourmaline and quartz rich granite measuring approximately 1.8m high and 0.9m wide by 0.5m thick at the base. Possible packing stones are visible at the foot of the stone. The nearby place name of 'Menear' is derived from the Cornish 'men' meaning stone and 'hir' meaning 'long' and is first mentioned in a document of 1525.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-431263


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 1054

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing