Bowl barrow 500m south-south-west of Home Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007386

Date first listed: 20-Oct-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 500m south-south-west of Home Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Lower Withington

National Grid Reference: SJ 80686 72209

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The monument survives well and is a rare example in Cheshire of a bowl barrow originally constructed in Neolithic times and re-used during the Bronze Age. Limited 19th and 20th century excavation of the monument's centre located human remains, pottery and stone artefacts, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow located on flat land 500m south of Home Farm. It includes an oval turf mound up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 35m by 31m. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the barrow located an urn containing human remains. The central area was re-excavated in 1982/3 and revealed the monument to be of two phases. In the latter phase two pits had been cut into the subsoil and each surrounded by a ring of stakeholes. Radio carbon dating of material from one of the stakeholes dated this to around 900 BC. Backfill from the antiquarian investigation produced a volume of finds including substantial remains of 6 decorated pots, a barbed and tanged flint arrowhead and a trimming flake from a Neolithic polished axe.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22585

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Longley, D, Prehistoric Sites in Cheshire, (1979), 33
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
To SMR, Wilson,D. (Site excavator), (1986)

End of official listing