Bowl barrow 500m south-south-west of Home Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
- Lower Withington
- National Grid Reference:
- SJ 80686 72209
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The monument survives well and is a rare example in Cheshire of a bowl barrow originally constructed in Neolithic times and re-used during the Bronze Age. Limited 19th and 20th century excavation of the monument's centre located human remains, pottery and stone artefacts, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.
The monument is a bowl barrow located on flat land 500m south of Home Farm. It
includes an oval turf mound up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 35m by
31m. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the barrow located an
urn containing human remains. The central area was re-excavated in 1982/3 and
revealed the monument to be of two phases. In the latter phase two pits had
been cut into the subsoil and each surrounded by a ring of stakeholes. Radio
carbon dating of material from one of the stakeholes dated this to around
900 BC. Backfill from the antiquarian investigation produced a volume of finds
including substantial remains of 6 decorated pots, a barbed and tanged flint
arrowhead and a trimming flake from a Neolithic polished axe.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Longley, D, Prehistoric Sites in Cheshire, (1979), 33
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
To SMR, Wilson,D. (Site excavator), (1986)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing