Cairn 560m south-west of Raddick Hill summit forming part of a cairnfield

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007415

Date first listed: 09-Nov-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn 560m south-west of Raddick Hill summit forming part of a cairnfield
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57456 70752

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Cairnfields are concentrations of three or more cairns sited within close proximity to one another; they may consist of burial cairns or cairns built with stone cleared from the land surface (clearance cairns). Round funerary cairns were constructed during the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC) and consisted of earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. The considerable variation in the size of cairnfields and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairnfield on the south-west slopes of Raddick Hill survives well as an example of Bronze Age fields defined by the cairns which resulted from field clearance. Such examples are rare and provide a valuable insight into Bronze Age agricultural activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a cairn forming part of a cairnfield on a gentle south-west facing slope of Raddick Hill overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The cairn mound measures 3.8m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high. This monument forms part of a wider cairnfield, comprising seventeen mounds, two lengths of boundary bank and a lynchet.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22308

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978), 174
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE85,
Raymond, F, Single Monument Class Description - Cairnfields, (1987)

End of official listing