Two round cairns 140m south-west of Raddick Hill summit

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007427

Date first listed: 16-Jul-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Nov-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round cairns 140m south-west of Raddick Hill summit
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57826 70977

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite partial excavation, the two round cairns 140m south-west of Raddick Hill summit survive well and contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which they were constructed. These cairns form an important constituent part of a diverse group of monuments including contemporary settlements, field systems and other funerary sites.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes two round cairns aligned SE-NW situated on the southern edge of Raddick Hill plateau overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The north-western cairn mound measures 7.3m in diameter and stands up to 0.9m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound is probably the result of a partial excavation in 1898 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. This work revealed a previously robbed cist. The second cairn mound lies 1m south-east of the first and measures 6m in diameter and stands up to 0.4m high. A slight central hollow indicates the location of the 1898 excavation, which revealed that the cairn was formed by small stones overlying a pit dug into the subsoil which contained a cist filled with charcoal and earth. The cist itself consisted of sloping side stones covered by small slabs. A large flat stone lying between the mounds may be the capstone from the western cairn.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22300

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Burnard, R, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Eighteenth Report of the Barrow Committee, , Vol. 31, (1899), 98
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE75.1,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE75.2,

End of official listing