Three adjacent stone hut circles 610m north-west of Higher Langdon Farm


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:


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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
St. Neot
National Grid Reference:
SX 20175 73648

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

These stone hut circles north-west of Higher Langdon Farm have survived well. The presence of thick peat deposits immediately around the hut circles is unusual and will preserve buried land surfaces and environmental evidence contemporary with their construction and use. The nearby prehistoric and medieval settlements and field systems on this spur place this monument in its wider context and demonstrate well the nature of farming practices among prehistoric communities and their development through the medieval period to the present day.


The monument includes three closely-spaced stone hut circles situated on the north-west slope of a broad spur occupied by Higher Langdon Farm in the River Fowey valley on southern Bodmin Moor. The hut circles form the central part of a dispersed linear settlement containing seven hut circles which are arranged along an approximate east-west line over 134m of the hillslope, and surround a hollow which contains thick, damp peat deposits. Of the three central hut circles contained in this monument, the central and western examples are situated 10m apart on a NW-SE axis while the central and eastern examples are situated 7.5m apart on a NE-SW axis. Each hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble and boulders defining a circular internal area levelled into the hillslope. The western hut circle has a wall up to 1.2m wide and 0.4m high enclosing an internal area 6.5m in diameter. The sides of the wall are well-defined by small inner and outer facing slabs and blocks. The central hut circle has a wall up to 1.7m wide and 0.6m high enclosing an internal area 4.9m in diameter. The levelling of the northern part of the hut circle was achieved by building it out from the slope on a rubble platform, complementing the cut into the slope to level the southern part. The eastern hut circle has a wall up to 1.9m wide and 0.7m high, enclosing an internal area measuring 5m in diameter. The wall of this hut circle has inner and outer facing slabs. This hut circle's wall is also adjoined by the surviving fragments of an adjacent prehistoric field boundary projecting from its north-west and south-east sides. The north-west fragment is 1.5m long and survives as a heaped rubble wall, 0.6m wide and 0.3m high, with facing slabs. The south-east wall fragment is of similar construction, 2m long, 0.6m wide and 0.6m high. Beyond this monument, a curving length of prehistoric wall survives from 25m to the north-west. The settlement containing these hut circles is located close to extensive prehistoric and medieval settlement sites and field systems on the crown of the spur on its eastern and southern flanks.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


consulted 1993, Carter, A./Fletcher, M.J./RCHME, 1:2500 AP plot and field trace for SX 2073,
consulted 1993, Cornwall SDMR entry for PRN 1224.05,
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1224.04,
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1224.06,


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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