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Cup and ring marked rock, 1km south-west of East Bolton

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cup and ring marked rock, 1km south-west of East Bolton

List entry Number: 1007519

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Hedgeley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Oct-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Jan-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21033

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be identified as nationally important.

The cup and ring marked rock near East Bolton is well preserved and displays a wide selection of the range of symbols normally found in Northumberland. It will contribute to our understanding of prehistoric rock art in England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cup and ring marked rock situated at the foot of a south facing slope in an area of outcropping rock. The flat rock is a natural outcrop measuring 1m by 1.2m. The rock is inscribed with four cup marks or shallow circular depressions pecked out of the natural surface; they range in size from 4cm to 8cm in diameter. A further four cups are surrounded by concentric rings or circular grooves pecked out of the rock, the largest of which has a diameter of 20cm. Two of the cup and ring marks are connected by a curvilinear channel while one of the largest cup and ring marks has a deep wavy channel, known as a serpentine groove, emanating from the central cup and cutting through the surrounding grooves.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hogg, A H A, 'Proc Soc Antiq Ncle 4 ser 11' in Proc Soc Antiq Ncle 4 ser 11, (1947), 281
Other
6946,

National Grid Reference: NU 12421 15460

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007519 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Aug-2018 at 02:50:17.

End of official listing