Enclosure and unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

West Devon (District Authority)
Dartmoor Forest
National Park:
National Grid Reference:
SX 56238 84540

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosure and unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot survive well and represent particularly fine examples of their class. They contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which they were constructed and, as such, provide a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the moor.


This monument includes an enclosure and a large unenclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on the lower part of a west-facing slope overlooking the Rattle Brook. The enclosure measures 29m long by 24m wide, with an entrance on its west side. The wall is of rubble construction, measures 1.1m wide and stands up to 0.4m high. Four stone hut circles are attached to the enclosure boundary and another lies in the centre. The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement includes twenty-one stone hut circles, eight of which are attached to boundary walls. The internal diameters of the huts vary from 1.7m to 5m, with the average being 2.8m. The walls are composed of stone and earth and stand between 0.2m and 0.7m high. All the huts are circular in plan with the exception of one which is sub-rectangular. One hut has a porch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Devon County Sites and Monument Register, SX58SE25, (1985)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SE25, (1985)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SE25, (1985)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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