Two overlapping enclosures on the western edge of the River Walkham
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007545
Date first listed: 09-Feb-1993
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Devon (District Authority)
Parish: Peter Tavy
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 55903 77730
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The two enclosures on the western edge of the River Walkham survive comparatively well and are a rare example of overlapping enclosures. They may be contemporary with the nearby large stone hut circle settlement on Langstone Moor, while their proximity to the edge of a tin streamworks may make them a source of information relating to Prehistoric tinworking.
This monument includes two overlapping enclosures situated in the valley
bottom immediately adjacent to the river Walkham. The northern enclosure
measures 12m by 14m, and is defined by a wall of orthostatic construction 1.1m
wide and 0.7m high. A short length of the southern wall overlaps the adjacent
enclosure. The southern enclosure measures 14m by 8m and the wall is also of
the orthostatic type. A later tinwork has removed the south-east section of
walling from each of the enclosures. No hut circles or platforms are visible
within the interiors, though it is possible that evidence for timber
structures survives. The overlap between the two enclosures suggests that one
of them is earlier than the other, but it is not possible to establish their
relative dates from field observation alone.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 20369
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Todd, M, The South-West to A.D. 1000, (1987), 119
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE17,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing