Stone hut circle 410m south-east of Roos Tor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Feb-2020 at 15:35:18.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- Peter Tavy
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 54702 76443
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The stone hut circle 410m south-east of Roos Tor survives comparatively well and forms part of a scattered group of at least six stone hut circles situated on the periphery of a fragmentary field system in close proximity to the Bronze Age field boundary known as The Great Western Reave. The hut contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, as such, provides a valuable source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the moor.
This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a gentle east-facing
slope overlooking the valley of the river Walkham. The building lies on the
hillslope and the wall is faced with orthostats. The interior of the structure
measures 6.3m in diameter and is defined by a 1.5m wide wall standing up to
0.3m high. The hut lies in close proximity to a substantial Bronze Age field
boundary known as The Great Western Reave and is set on the periphery of a
contemporary fragmentary field system.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Gerrard, S, Greeves, T, 'Dartmoor Tinworking Research Group Interim Report' in Excavation Of Upper Merrivale Tin Blowing And Stamping Mill, , Vol. 1, (1991), 7
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NW39,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing