Enclosures and stone hut circles forming part of a stone hut circle settlement on Langstone Moor
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007554
Date first listed: 27-Jun-1963
Date of most recent amendment: 14-Jun-1994
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Devon (District Authority)
Parish: Peter Tavy
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 55688 77913
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The enclosures and stone hut circle settlement on Langstone Moor survive well, are visually impressive and represent particularly fine examples of their class. They contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived and, as such, provide a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the moor.
This monument includes 45 stone hut circles and five enclosures situated on a
gentle south-facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Walkham and
forming much of the large settlement on Langstone Moor. Twenty-five of the
stone hut circles are attached to boundary walls. Thirty-nine of the huts are
circular in plan and the internal diameters of these huts vary from 1.2m to
7m. Five huts are oval in plan and these range between 2m to 5m long and 1.6m
to 3m wide and stand between 0.3m and 0.4m high. One hut is square in plan and
is divided into two compartments. The average height of all the hut walls is
0.46m. One of the huts has a porch and another has a screened doorway.
Eleven of the huts on Langstone Moor were excavated by the Dartmoor
Exploration Committee during 1894. A raised dais, a hearth and cooking hole
were found in several of them. The artefacts recovered included a flint core,
five flakes and a scraper.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 20370
Legacy System: RSM
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE17,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing