Two stone hut circles and two clearance cairns forming part of the settlement on Langstone Moor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007559

Date first listed: 09-Feb-1993


Ordnance survey map of Two stone hut circles and two clearance cairns forming part of the settlement on Langstone Moor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007559 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2018 at 12:01:34.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 55512 77766


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosures and stone hut circle settlement on Langstone Moor, to which this monument belongs, survive well, are visually impressive and represent particularly fine examples of their class. They contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, combined with the clearance cairns, provide a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes two stone hut circles and two clearance cairns situated on a gentle south-facing slope overlooking the valley of the river Walkham and forming part of the Bronze Age settlement on Langstone Moor. The westernmost stone hut circle is composed of rubble walling and the interior measures 1.9m in diameter and has 1.2m wide walls standing up to 0.3m high. The doorway faces south. The easternmost hut is composed of orthostat walling protruding through the soil and the interior measures 2.8m in diameter. Both huts are terraced into the hillslope. The western clearance cairn is ovoid in shape, measures 4.8m long, 3m wide and stands up to 0.3m high. The eastern cairn measures 3m long, 2m wide and stands up to 0.2m high. These cairns indicate that there was some limited clearance of field stone from the area surrounding the settlement.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20375

Legacy System: RSM


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE17,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
Raymond, F, Single Monument Class Description - Cairnfields, (1987)

End of official listing