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Four round barrows 780m north east of Littlewood Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Four round barrows 780m north east of Littlewood Lodge

List entry Number: 1007563

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: East Riding of Yorkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Bishop Burton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Sep-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21145

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation and plough damage these barrows remain visible and they will retain significant information on their original form and of the burials placed within them. Information on the inter-relationship between individual barrows within the monument will be preserved, as will information on their relationship to adjacent barrows.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four round barrows on the Yorkshire Wolds, members of a group in this area. The north-western barrow mound is 0.3m high and 36m in diameter; the north-eastern barrow mound is 0.5m high and 34m in diameter. The central barrow mound of the group is 0.25m high and 16m in diameter, whilst the southernmost barrow mound is 0.3m high and 43m in diameter. This barrow is truncated by a hedge and the adjacent road, and only that section of it lying north of the hedge remains identifiable, the southern portion having been levelled by roadworks. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the construction of the monuments surrounds each of the barrow mounds. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features 4m wide. All four barrows were investigated by the 19th century antiquarian Canon William Greenwell. No interments or cremations were found in the two northern barrows, only flint scrapers and pot sherds. A central grave containing a few burnt bones covered by a layer of burnt earth was found in the central barrow. The southern barrow was found to contain a central grave and cremation with an associated pygmy cup, beaker sherds, and worked flint flakes.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 52, (1890), 52
Greenwell, W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 52, (1890), 32
Greenwell, W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 52, (1890), 35
Other
Kinnes, IA and Longworth, IH, Catalogue of the excavated material in the Greenwell collection, Catalogue of Excavated Material in the Greenwell Collection, (1985)

National Grid Reference: SE 95736 37644

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007563 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 10:32:14.

End of official listing