Four round barrows 780m north east of Littlewood Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007563

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four round barrows 780m north east of Littlewood Lodge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishop Burton

National Grid Reference: SE 95736 37644

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation and plough damage these barrows remain visible and they will retain significant information on their original form and of the burials placed within them. Information on the inter-relationship between individual barrows within the monument will be preserved, as will information on their relationship to adjacent barrows.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four round barrows on the Yorkshire Wolds, members of a group in this area. The north-western barrow mound is 0.3m high and 36m in diameter; the north-eastern barrow mound is 0.5m high and 34m in diameter. The central barrow mound of the group is 0.25m high and 16m in diameter, whilst the southernmost barrow mound is 0.3m high and 43m in diameter. This barrow is truncated by a hedge and the adjacent road, and only that section of it lying north of the hedge remains identifiable, the southern portion having been levelled by roadworks. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the construction of the monuments surrounds each of the barrow mounds. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features 4m wide. All four barrows were investigated by the 19th century antiquarian Canon William Greenwell. No interments or cremations were found in the two northern barrows, only flint scrapers and pot sherds. A central grave containing a few burnt bones covered by a layer of burnt earth was found in the central barrow. The southern barrow was found to contain a central grave and cremation with an associated pygmy cup, beaker sherds, and worked flint flakes.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21145

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 52, (1890), 52
Greenwell, W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 52, (1890), 32
Greenwell, W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 52, (1890), 35
Other
Kinnes, IA and Longworth, IH, Catalogue of the excavated material in the Greenwell collection, Catalogue of Excavated Material in the Greenwell Collection, (1985)

End of official listing