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A bowl barrow on Birdsall Wold, 475m north-west of Vessey Pasture Farm, incorporating part of a linear boundary

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A bowl barrow on Birdsall Wold, 475m north-west of Vessey Pasture Farm, incorporating part of a linear boundary

List entry Number: 1007575

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Birdsall

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Jan-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20486

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the barrow and linear boundary have been partially altered by agricultural activity, below-ground remains of the barrow, including its ditch and the contents of grave pits, and the buried ditch of the boundary will survive intact. The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks on Birdsall Wold. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other parts of the Wolds and from the southern edge of the North York Moors. Such associations between monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow and part of an adjacent prehistoric linear boundary which runs along the crest of Birdsall Wold. This is one of a number of prehistoric monuments on Birdsall Wold. Although altered by agricultural activity and no longer identifiable as a surface feature, the circular outline of a buried ditch surrounding the barrow is visible on aerial photographs and has an overall diameter of 12m. Below- ground features, such as the ditch and the contents of burial pits, are thought to survive and, because this barrow has not been excavated, its primary central burial is thought to remain intact. Aerial photographs also show an infilled ditch running east-west at a tangent to the northern edge of the barrow. This ditch is part of a linear boundary which runs for about 1.7km along the crest of Birdsall Wold. The ditch is no longer visible as an earthwork but it will survive below-ground; it is estimated to be at least 5m wide and will have been flanked by banks comprised of the excavated earth. A 12m length of the boundary adjacent to the barrow is included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Stoetz, K., RCHME Survey,

National Grid Reference: SE 82155 62941

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007575 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 08:10:57.

End of official listing