Round cairn 600m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007584

Date first listed: 23-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Feb-1993


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 600m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages
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This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 10:39:50.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Grid Reference: NY 64730 11964


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation the round cairn 600m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages survives well. This investigation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is a round cairn located on the gently graded north-facing slope of Gaythorne Plain 600m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages. It includes a partly turf-covered oval mound of limestone rubble up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 14m by 12m. Three rounded stones on the southern edge of the cairn are the remains of a kerb. Limited antiquarian investigation of the cairn located the scattered and broken bones of an adult laid upon the old landsurface. A further four kerbstones were also found. An information sign at the monument's centre is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22471

Legacy System: RSM


Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
SMR No. 1771, Cumbria SMR, 2 Round barrows on Gaythorne Plain, (1985)

End of official listing