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Round cairn 690m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 690m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages

List entry Number: 1007585

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Feb-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22472

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000 - 700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge set stones sometimes bound the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, on the old land surface or, on occasion, within a box-like structure called a cist let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in large cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. Despite limited antiquarian investigation the round cairn 690m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages survives well. This investigation located human and faunal remains together with pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on the gently graded north-facing slope of Gaythorne Plain 690m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages. It includes a largely turf-covered oval mound of limestone rubble up to 1.2m high with maximum dimensions of 18m by 14m. Limited antiquarian investigation located the broken and scattered bones of two individuals situated upon a rock outcrop around which the cairn had been constructed. A short distance south-east of the mound's centre was an urn containing a cremation, and elsewhere amongst the cairn ox bones were located. An information sign on the monument's eastern side is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Charlesworth, D., AM 7, (1964)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
In SMR No. 1772, Clare, T, (1972)
SMR No. 1772, Cumbria SMR, 2 Round barrows on Gaythorne Plain, (1985)

National Grid Reference: NY 64822 11930

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007585 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Oct-2017 at 06:47:04.

End of official listing