Raise Howe cairn

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007586
Date first listed:
09-Feb-1965
Date of most recent amendment:
01-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Raise Howe cairn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Cumbria
District:
Eden (District Authority)
Parish:
Crosby Ravensworth
National Grid Reference:
NY 63713 13036

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some illicit digging and subsequent spreading of the mound by metal detectors, Raise Howe cairn survives reasonably well. It is a rare survival of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath it.

Details

The monument is Raise Howe cairn. It is located on the summit of a local high point and includes a largely turf-covered slightly mutilated oval mound of earth and limestone rubble up to 1.2m high with maximum dimensions of 23m by 18m. The monument is not known to have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22473
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Crow, J., AM 107, (1989)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1721, Cumbria SMR, Raise Howe Round Barrow, (1985)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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