Three bowl barrows east of Ravens' Gill
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007602
Date first listed: 18-Feb-1993
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007602 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 24-Mar-2019 at 07:05:24.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Eden (District Authority)
Parish: Crosby Ravensworth
National Grid Reference: NY 62766 11902
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite partial mutilation of the central mound and some minor stock erosion to the other mounds, the three bowl barrows east of Ravens' Gill survive reasonably well. The monument is a rare example in Cumbria of three earthen barrows in close proximity. None of the mounds are known to have been excavated and the southern and northern barrows in particular will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.
The monument includes three earthen bowl barrows located on a narrow plateau
east of Ravens' Gill between the bottom of a hillslope and the steep declivity
to the gill. The southern barrow is situated at the western edge of the
plateau and measures up to 0.4m high with maximum dimensions of 8.5m by 7m.
The central barrow lies 10m to the north-east of this barrow and has been
partially mutilated by the removal of its centre. It measures up to 0.4m high
with maximum dimensions of 9.5m by 8.5m. The northern barrow lies 10m to the
north of the central barrow and measures up to 1.2m high with maximum
dimensions of 10m by 8m.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22483
Legacy System: RSM
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing