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Stone circle 800m east of Wetheriggs Pottery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Stone circle 800m east of Wetheriggs Pottery

List entry Number: 1007628

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Brougham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Jul-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Mar-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23660

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Stone circles are prehistoric monuments comprising one or more circles of upright or recumbent stones. The circle of stones may be surrounded by earthwork features such as enclosing banks and ditches. Single upright stones may be found within the circle or outside it and avenues of stones radiating out from the circle occur at some sites. Burial cairns may also be found close to and on occasion within the circle. Stone circles are found throughout England although they are concentrated in western areas, with particular clusters in upland areas such as Bodmin and Dartmoor in the south-west and the Lake District and the rest of Cumbria in the north-west. This distribution may be more a reflection of present survival rather than an original pattern. Where excavated they have been found to date from the Late Neolithic to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2400-1000 BC). It is clear that they were carefully designed and laid out, frequently exhibiting very regularly spaced stones, the heights of which also appear to have been of some importance. We do not fully understand the uses for which these monuments were originally constructed but it is clear that they had considerable ritual importance for the societies that used them. In many instances excavation has indicated that they provided a focus for burials and the rituals that accompanied interment of the dead. Some circles appear to have had a calendrical function, helping mark the passage of time and seasons, this being indicated by the careful alignment of stones to mark important solar or lunar events such as sunrise or sunset at midsummer or midwinter. At other sites the spacing of individual circles throughout the landscape has led to a suggestion that each one provided some form of tribal gathering point for a specific social group. A small stone circle comprises a regular or irregular ring of between 7 and 16 stones with a diameter of between 4 and 20 metres. They are widespread throughout England although clusters are found on Dartmoor, the North Yorkshire Moors, in the Peak District and in the uplands of Cumbria and Northumberland. Of the 250 or so stone circles identified in England, over 100 are examples of small stone circles. As a rare monument type which provides an important insight into prehistoric ritual activity, all surviving examples are worthy of preservation.

Despite a combination of forestry planting on the northern part of the circle and limited antiquarian investigation, the stone circle 800m east of Wetheriggs Pottery survives reasonably well. The investigation located human remains and pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the cairn encircled by the stone circle.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a partly mutilated small stone circle located at the foot of Leacet Hill 800m east of Wetheriggs Pottery. It includes a semi-circle of five irregularly spaced granite boulders having a diameter of 13.5m. The stone circle encloses an earth and stone cairn up to 0.5m high. Limited antiquarian investigation revealed a full circle of ten boulders. Adjacent to the inside of four of these boulders was a total of ten urns, many containing cremated bone. At the centre of the cairn were remains of the funeral pyre consisting of a layer of charcoal and calcined bones. A drystone wall and a post and wire fence crossing the monument are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Robinson, J, Ferguson, R S, 'Trans Cumb and West Antiq and Arch Soc. Old Ser.' in Notes on Excavation at Leacet Hill Stone Circle, Westmorland., , Vol. V, (1881), 76-8
Other
Bowman, A., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Small Stone Circles, (1990)

National Grid Reference: NY 56305 26291

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007628 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2017 at 01:28:10.

End of official listing