Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 770m NNW of Little Links Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007645

Date first listed: 20-Apr-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 770m NNW of Little Links Tor
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Lands common to the Parishes of Bridestowe and Sourton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 54537 87735

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 770m NNW of Little Links Tor survives well and is the highest known example within a discrete group of at least four settlements which occupy the lower slopes of the hills overlooking the valley of the River Lyd. Analysis of the hut diameters has suggested that at least four of the huts were used as ancillary buildings, one as a central meeting place and the others as dwellings. The settlement lies in close proximity to rich tin deposits, and it has been suggested that this may have played an important role in its location. This is a rare example of a stone hut circle settlement with no associated visible field system or enclosures.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a group of twelve stone hut circles situated on a gentle west-facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Lyd. The hut circles are composed of circular stone and earth banks surrounding an internal area. The internal diameters of the huts varies between 3m and 8m with the average being 4.75m. The height of the surrounding wall varies between 0.4m and 0.7m with the average being 0.5m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22330

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Amhof, G, 'Dartmoor Magazine' in Hut Circles In The Upper Lyd Valley, , Vol. 30, (1993), 22-23
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

End of official listing