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Black Ball Camp: a later prehistoric defended settlement on Gallox Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Black Ball Camp: a later prehistoric defended settlement on Gallox Hill

List entry Number: 1007668

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dunster

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Jan-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24003

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south-western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south-western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are likely to be identified as nationally important.

Black Ball Camp survives as a good example of its class and is associated with two further defended enclosures, a hillfort, and an open settlement within coaxial fields.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a circular defended settlement above the shoulder of Gallox Hill. The enclosure contains c.0.3ha of sloping land encircled by a bank up to 1.9m high, an outer ditch up to 1.5m deep, and a counterscarp bank up to 1.9m high beyond the ditch on all but the uphill side. The entrance is downhill on the south-west side, approached by a causeway across the ditch, and is inturned and slightly askew. To the north-west of the entrance, disturbance has been caused by modern digging, but a raised circular area, perhaps a guardhouse, can still be seen inside the inturn. Inside the south-west inturn is a possible hut circle which may be contemporary with the earthworks. This is 5m across, with an entrance to the north. Bat's Castle hillfort, which is broadly contemporary, lies 550m to the south on the hill above and forms the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
33565, (1993)

National Grid Reference: SS 98428 42651

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007668 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 10:47:31.

End of official listing