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Moated site at Letheringham Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Letheringham Lodge

List entry Number: 1007674

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Letheringham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-May-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21301

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site of Letheringham Lodge survives well and is of unusual type. In location, form and function it contrasts with the moated manorial site of Letheringham Hall which lies 1km to the north east. This contrast between the two sites, which are connected historically, is of interest in the study of land holding and land use in the area during the medieval and early post-medieval periods, particularly in relation to the Wingfield family.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the moated site of Letheringham Lodge, prominently located on a spur between the River Deben to the north and Potsford Brook which lies 450m to the south. The water-filled moat is rectangular and measures between 7m and 9m in width and approximately 3m in depth, with overall dimensions of 40m east/west by 35m north/south. Its south-eastern corner is extended by a pond approximately 1m deep which is a modern feature and is not included in the scheduling. A brick revetment is visible on the inner edge at the south-western corner and mortared flints and brick have also been observed in the moat at the south-eastern corner. Access to the interior is provided by modern timber footbridges across the western and southern arms, the southern bridge being supported on brickwork which is included in the scheduling. Letheringham Lodge, which is dated to the later 15th or early 16th century, with an early 17th century extension, occupies almost the whole of the northern part of the interior, amounting to more than 50 per cent of the total area of the island. The earlier part of the structure is square and centrally positioned. The Lodge was formerly part of the Letheringham Hall estate and carved panelling of early 16th-century date, taken from it in the early 20th century and now in Broddick Castle, Isle of Arran, includes heraldic motifs which link it with Sir Anthony Wingfield of Letheringham Hall. The initials E W, carved with the date 1610 above the entrance to the later wing, are thought to refer to Elizabeth Wingfield, widow of Sir Thomas Wingfield (died 1609). It has been identified as a place of resort for the enjoyment of the scenery and healthy air, away from the damp, riverside situation of Letheringham Hall. The house, which is Listed Grade II*, is excluded from the scheduling, as are all associated outbuildings and walls, other than the revetment as described above, all fences, the modern timber footbridges, modern piling and sandbags retaining the outer edge of the moat, all paths and driveways and all service pipes and inspection chambers, but the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Martin, E, Easton, T, 'Proc Suff Inst Archaeol' in Moats In The Landscape: Parham And Letheringham, , Vol. 27, (1992), 399-401
Other
Martin, E, (1992)
Martin, E, Suffolk SMR, Letheringham Parish File, (1989)

National Grid Reference: TM 27597 57029

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007674 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 05:05:37.

End of official listing