Moated site at Lymball's Farm


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

East Suffolk (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
TM 42495 70772

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Lymball's Farm survives well and contains evidence, including foundations, of a building which stood on the central island. It will retain valuable archaeological information concerning the construction and use of the site.


The monument includes a moated site, located north of a minor road in the parish of Westleton. The moat ditch, which is approximately 3m deep and varies from 5m to 11m in width, encloses a sub-rectangular island with maximum internal dimensions of 61m north-south by 38m east-west, giving maximum overall dimensions of 73m north-south by 55m east-west. The western arm of the moat is crossed by a central causeway. The moat is filled by surface water which enters from a field ditch at the south-eastern corner. The surface of the island is raised slightly above the prevailing ground level. The interior is now unoccupied but there is evidence that a house once stood within the north-western quarter. Foundations of a building have been noted in this area, at a depth of approximately 0.4m, and there is a scatter of building material, including roof tile, on the surface. On the north side of the same area, bordering the inner edge of the northern arm of the moat, is a slight bank approximately 0.3m in height and 6m in width. Lymball's Farm has been identified as the site of the manor variously known as Lenwales, Lembalde's or Lymbold's of which there are records in the 13th and 14th centuries. The railing which borders the outer edge of the southern arm of the moat, and defines the boundary of the constraint area on that side, is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Copinger, W A, History of the Manors of Suffolk, (1908), 198
Microfilm copy S R O Ref. J 400/2, Davy, H, B.M. Add. Mss 19082-19083,
Microfilm copy S R O Ref. J 400/2, Davy, H, B.M. Add. Mss 19082-19083,
Mr Gibbons, (1992)


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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