Bowl barrow on Old Field, 700m south-east of Ludlow golf course club house

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007708

Date first listed: 17-Dec-1929

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Old Field, 700m south-east of Ludlow golf course club house
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bromfield

National Grid Reference: SO 49555 77358

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 700m south-east of the golf course, despite being partly mutilated, survives well; it remains a substantial monument and a good example of its class. The monument yielded important archaeological information during the 1884 exploration and further significant archaeological remains will survive. These will provide evidence for the society which built the monument and for the landscape in which it was constructed. It is one of a group of similar monuments occuring in this vicinity and, considered as such, offers, valuable information relating to the land use, social structure and burial practices of the prehistoric community occupying this area of landscape during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a large round barrow situated on flat ground between the River Teme to the south-west and River Corve to the north-east. The barrow mound, though damaged in the north and south-east quadrants, remains visible as a well-defined mound 35m in diameter and up to 3.4m high. Although no longer visible at surface level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature some 3m wide. On the north side of the mound an old excavation trench has been driven from the perimeter of the mound into the centre at ground level. This probably represents the site of an excavation by C Fortey in 1884. Finds from this excavation included a cinerary urn, which was shattered during the digging, found some 2ft from the mound summit and a cremated burial in a cist located at a depth of 7ft. A second larger excavation, possibly also associated with the 1884 works, has removed much of the south-east segment of the mound down to ground level. However as there is no spoil from this excavation it seems more probable that this mutilation is associated with the construction of the golf course.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19117

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Fortey, C, 'TSAS' in , , Vol. VIII, (1885), 445-9

End of official listing