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Civil War earthwork fort 350m north-east of Walk Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Civil War earthwork fort 350m north-east of Walk Farm

List entry Number: 1007735

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: North East Lincolnshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Irby

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-May-1959

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Mar-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21237

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

English Civil War fieldworks are earthworks which were raised during military operations between 1642 and 1650 to provide temporary protection for infantry or to act as gun emplacements. The earthworks, which may have been reinforced with revetting and palisades, consisted of banks and ditches and varied in complexity from simple breastworks to complex systems of banks and interconnected trenches. They can be recognised today as surviving earthworks or as crop- or soil-marks on aerial photographs. The circumstances and cost of their construction may be referred to in contemporary historical documents. Fieldworks are recorded widely throughout England with concentrations in the main areas of campaigning. Those with a defensive function were often sited to protect settlements or their approaches. Those with an offensive function were designed to dominate defensive positions and to contain the besieged areas. There are some 150 surviving examples of fieldworks recorded nationally. All examples which survive well and/or represent particular forms of construction are identified as nationally important. Although this monument has been altered by agricultural activity it survives well. Evidence of its construction and the manner and duration of its usage will survive, as may remains of the hall which it has been suggested that these works enclosed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a 17th century earthwork fort situated on high ground close to the road from the Humber to Boston and Kings Lynn, and within easy reach of the road from Newark to the Humber via Gainsborough. It comprises a rectangular earthen rampart with projecting bastions at each of its four corners, an enclosing ditch, and a counterscarp bank. The area enclosed by the rampart is 130m long, south-west to north-east, and 50m wide, south-east to north-west. The surrounding rampart is up to 1.5m high, 6m wide at the base, and between 1m and 1.2m wide at the summit. A square earthen bastion projects from each corner of the rampart. They are each between 10 and 12m square. These bastions would have provided positions for guns giving covering fire for the ramparts and gateways. The waterlogged ditch is 8m wide and up to 2m deep and the counterscarp bank which encloses it is up to 1m high and 3m wide. This bank has been eroded in places by plough action. Access is now afforded to the interior of the fort by two earth causeways which cross the south-eastern and north-western arms of the ditches. Although these causeways are not considered to be original features, being formed by pushing part of the rampart into the ditch after the fort was abandoned, they may mark the site of original access points or gateways. The fort is believed to have enclosed a hall belonging to the Holles family. The Holles family, ennobled by James I, was split by the Civil War; Denzil, an MP, commanded Parliamentary troops, while his cousin Gervase, MP for Grimsby, was a prominent supporter of Charles I. Such fortification of manors was fairly common during the first English Civil War (1642-46), and is also recorded in Humberside at Scorborough, home of the Hotham family. The battle to control Lincolnshire was fiercely contested throughout late 1642 and 1643. For much of this time the king's forces controlled much of the county and sought to prevent the Parliamentarians in Hull and Boston from communicating and from moving troops up and down the county. It is likely that this monument was built at about that time, by the king's forces, to keep a watch on the major north-south routes.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Loughlin, N, Miller, K, Survey of Archaeological Remains in Humberside, (1978), 170
Other
Downham, E.A., BM Add MS 38602, (1911)

National Grid Reference: TA 21239 04413

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007735 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 06:44:50.

End of official listing