Stone hut circle north of Dinnever Hill, 200m WNW of the Stannon Stone Circle
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Feb-2020 at 17:09:30.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
- St. Breward
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 12358 80089
Reasons for Designation
Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
This hut circle near the Stannon Stone Circle has survived reasonably well, despite some evident stone robbing and it has not been excavated. Its presence near the various broadly contemporary ritual and funerary monuments on this spur demonstrates well the organisation of settlement and ceremonial activities among prehistoric communities. Its proximity to the Stannon Stone Circle in particular provides information on the relationship between stone circles and broadly contemporary settlement.
The monument includes a prehistoric stone hut circle situated on the lower
north-west slope of a broad spur between Dinnever Hill and Louden Hill on
north-west Bodmin Moor. One of a series of medieval or later hollowed
routeways passes close to the southern wall of the hut circle.
The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 1m wide and 0.5m
high, incorporating occasional blocks up to 0.65m high. The wall defines an
oval internal area measuring 5m NE-SW by 3.5m NW-SE, levelled into the
hillslope at the south-east side and slightly terraced out from it to the
north-west. Part of the wall's north-western sector has been removed by
relatively recent stone robbing. A turf-covered linear hollow, 1.5m wide and
0.5m deep, passes 1m south of the hut circle wall in its NW-SE course across
the slope. This hollow is one of numerous medieval and later hollowed
routeways that crossed the spur to link the moorland tenements and pasture
with the lower land of the north-west Cornwall coastal belt.
Beyond this monument, other broadly contemporary hut circles with an irregular
field system are located on the northern periphery of the spur from 330m to
the ESE, and others occur on lower land from 230m to the WNW. The monument is
also located on the edge of an unusually large grouping of prehistoric ritual
and funerary monuments which are distributed across the moors to the south and
east of the spur. These include a ritual stone setting 145m to the ESE of this
monument and the Stannon Stone Circle, 200m to the ESE. This monument forms
one of the closest prehistoric habitation sites to that stone circle.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
consulted 1993, Carter, A./CAU/RCHME, 1:2500 AP plot for SX 1280,
consulted 1993, Carter, A./CAU/RCHME, 1:2500 AP plots and field traces for SX 1279-80 & SX 1379,
consulted 1993, CAU, 1:1000 Bodmin Moor Survey plan for SX 1280 SW, (1984)
consulted 1993, Johnson, N.D., Cornwall Field Survey Record Card: Stannon South, Context 1, (1984)
consulted 1993, Johnson, N.D., Rose, P.G./CAU, Cornwall Field Survey Record Card for Stannon South, Context 5, (1984)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing