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Stone hut circle north of Dinnever Hill, 200m WNW of the Stannon Stone Circle

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Stone hut circle north of Dinnever Hill, 200m WNW of the Stannon Stone Circle

List entry Number: 1007766

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Breward

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15281

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle near the Stannon Stone Circle has survived reasonably well, despite some evident stone robbing and it has not been excavated. Its presence near the various broadly contemporary ritual and funerary monuments on this spur demonstrates well the organisation of settlement and ceremonial activities among prehistoric communities. Its proximity to the Stannon Stone Circle in particular provides information on the relationship between stone circles and broadly contemporary settlement.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric stone hut circle situated on the lower north-west slope of a broad spur between Dinnever Hill and Louden Hill on north-west Bodmin Moor. One of a series of medieval or later hollowed routeways passes close to the southern wall of the hut circle. The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 1m wide and 0.5m high, incorporating occasional blocks up to 0.65m high. The wall defines an oval internal area measuring 5m NE-SW by 3.5m NW-SE, levelled into the hillslope at the south-east side and slightly terraced out from it to the north-west. Part of the wall's north-western sector has been removed by relatively recent stone robbing. A turf-covered linear hollow, 1.5m wide and 0.5m deep, passes 1m south of the hut circle wall in its NW-SE course across the slope. This hollow is one of numerous medieval and later hollowed routeways that crossed the spur to link the moorland tenements and pasture with the lower land of the north-west Cornwall coastal belt. Beyond this monument, other broadly contemporary hut circles with an irregular field system are located on the northern periphery of the spur from 330m to the ESE, and others occur on lower land from 230m to the WNW. The monument is also located on the edge of an unusually large grouping of prehistoric ritual and funerary monuments which are distributed across the moors to the south and east of the spur. These include a ritual stone setting 145m to the ESE of this monument and the Stannon Stone Circle, 200m to the ESE. This monument forms one of the closest prehistoric habitation sites to that stone circle.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
consulted 1993, Carter, A./CAU/RCHME, 1:2500 AP plot for SX 1280,
consulted 1993, Carter, A./CAU/RCHME, 1:2500 AP plots and field traces for SX 1279-80 & SX 1379,
consulted 1993, CAU, 1:1000 Bodmin Moor Survey plan for SX 1280 SW, (1984)
consulted 1993, Johnson, N.D., Cornwall Field Survey Record Card: Stannon South, Context 1, (1984)
consulted 1993, Johnson, N.D., Rose, P.G./CAU, Cornwall Field Survey Record Card for Stannon South, Context 5, (1984)

National Grid Reference: SX 12358 80089

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007766 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 10:36:03.

End of official listing