Bowl barrow on Newbarn Down: 1.1km south west of Rowridge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007782

Date first listed: 20-Nov-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jul-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Newbarn Down: 1.1km south west of Rowridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Brighstone

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Newport

National Grid Reference: SZ 44084 85430

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.



Despite partial excavation in 1854, the bowl barrow on Newbarn Down survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed and later reused as a gallows and beacon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set just below the crest of a north facing hillside commanding wide views over Bowcombe Down.

The barrow has a mound which measures 24m east-west and 27m north-south and is c.3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground level, but survives as a buried feature c.5m wide.

The mound was partially excavated by Hillier in 1854.

This barrow has been known as 'Gallibury' after a gallows occupied the mound. The barrow is shown as a mound and a beacon on a 19th century map.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21988

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Kell Ed. A, , Historical Topography and Antiquities of the Isle of Wight, (1856)
Kokeritz, , Place Names of the Isle of Wight, (1940)
'Barrow Excavation in the Isle of Wight' in Current Archaeology, , Vol. 68, (), 274
'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 10, (1927), 221ff
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 205,189
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, (1940), 205,189
'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Assocation, , Vol. 2, (1855), 34

End of official listing