Bowl barrow on Mottistone Common: 300m west of Longstone Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007788

Date first listed: 13-Jul-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Mottistone Common: 300m west of Longstone Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Brighstone

National Grid Reference: SZ 40439 84294

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for antiquarian excavation, the bowl barrow on Mottistone Common survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed. The barrow lies only 200m away from the Longstone long barrow, one of only three long barrows on the Island. This is an unusually large barrow and one of very few situated on Greensand on the Isle of Wight.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a prominent Greensand ridge with extensive views along the coastline. The barrow has a mound which measures 22m north-south and 35m east-west, and stands up to c.3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen on the ground, but survives as a buried feature c.5m wide. There is a central depression indicative of unrecorded antiquarian excavation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21995

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing