Two bowl barrows 440m north of Longstone Cottage: part of a round barrow cemetery on Mottistone Down

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007796
Date first listed:
20-Nov-1967
Date of most recent amendment:
18-Jul-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 440m north of Longstone Cottage: part of a round barrow cemetery on Mottistone Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Brighstone
District:
Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Calbourne
National Grid Reference:
SZ 40703 84721

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrows on Mottistone Down survive well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed. These barrows are amongst a number which survive in the area of downland above Brighstone.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned broadly east-west and forming part of a wider cemetery, situated on the crest of a prominent chalk ridge. From east to west, the mounds have diameters of 23m and 18m and are 2.3m and 1.5m high respectively. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrows. The ditch of the eastern barrow is c.3.5m wide and 0.5m deep. The ditch of the western barrow has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. Both barrows have hollows in the top of their mounds indicating unrecorded antiquarian excavations. The post and wire fence which lies 1.5m from the north edge of the mound of the eastern barrow is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath is included. The earth boundary bank which lies 1.5m to the north of the fence and follows its line is included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
21975
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, , Sherwin, , 'Proceedings of the IOW Natural History and Archaeological Soc' in , , Vol. 3, (1940), 203

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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