Manor Farm moated site

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007816
Date first listed:
24-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Manor Farm moated site
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
North Lincolnshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
East Halton
National Grid Reference:
TA 14007 20149

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite partial infilling and limited disturbance through construction of the adjacent farm, the moated site at Manor Farm survives reasonably well and will retain significant evidence of the manner and duration of its use and of any structures built on it. The moat will retain conditions suitable for the preservation of organic materials.

Details

The monument is the moated site at Manor Farm, East Halton. It includes a large moated site which is sub-divided by a series of internal ditches. It is thought that the site was originally more extensive and extended into the area now occupied by Manor Farm and the adjacent property; the extent of archaeological survival in these areas, if any, is not known and hence they are not included in the scheduling. The main enclosing moat is 10m wide and 3m deep. For almost the entire circuit of the moat an internal bank survives; this is between 1m and 1.5m high and 5m and 7m wide, an external bank also survives at the western boundary of the site, it is 1m high and 5m wide. The large roughly L-shaped island thus enclosed measures a maximum of 200m north-south by 180m east-west. It is sub-divided by a network of drainage ditches, now dry, which range between 5m and 10m wide and 1.5m deep. At the western end of this complex of drains a small internal moat is created where one of the ditches bifurcates. The island thus created is orientated north-south and measures 20m long by 7m wide. Slight earthworks visible across the remainder of the main moated island indicate the positions of the buildings which would originally have stood here. A ditch extends eastwards from the eastern arm of the main moat. It is not included in the scheduling as its date and association with the moat are not yet fully understood.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
21187
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Loughlin, N, Miller, K, Survey of Archaeological Sites in Humberside, (1979), 196
Loughlin, N, Miller, K, Survey of Archaeological Remains in Humberside, (1978), 196
Other
RAF/552 0056-7, RAF,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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