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Shaw Fosse moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Shaw Fosse moated site

List entry Number: 1007847

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: East Riding of Yorkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Humbleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Nov-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21205

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Shaw Fosse survives well and will retain evidence of the buildings which once occupied the island. It has also been identified as a monastic farm or grange. Such sites were fairly numerous in the medieval period but only a small number can now be positively identified on the ground. This example will contribute to the study of the economy of its parent house, Thornton Abbey.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The moat is the Shaw Fosse moated site at Humbleton. It includes a sub- rectangular island enclosed within a dry moat. The island enclosed by the moat measures 105m long east-west by a maximum of 30m wide north-south. The northern and western arms of the moat are between 12m and 15m wide and up to 4m deep. The southern and eastern arms are up to 10m wide and 3m deep. Access is provided to the island by two modern earthen causeways; one crosses the southern arm, the other the eastern arm. The moated site is thought to have been a grange of Thornton Abbey which owned estates in and around Humbleton.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
3094, Humberside SMR,

National Grid Reference: TA 22752 35166

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007847 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 12:59:46.

End of official listing