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Throstle Brow prehistoric enclosure

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Throstle Brow prehistoric enclosure

List entry Number: 1007867

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hunsonby

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23664

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric enclosures are plots of land usually enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth in upland areas, and banks of earth with an external ditch in lowland areas. Many date to the Bronze Age (c.2000 - 500 BC) although earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate animal shelters and hut circle settlements. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably, depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities.

Throstle Brow prehistoric enclosure remains clearly visible on aerial photographs, despite the fact that no upstanding earthworks survive. It lies very close to the major complex which includes the stone circle known as Long Meg and Her Daughters. It is thought that this enclosure was in use around the same time as this adjacent complex and attests to the importance of this area as a major gathering point of the wider populace for religious, ritual and ceremonial purposes during many centuries.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is Throstle Brow prehistoric enclosure located on the edge of a wide sandstone terrace above the east bank of the River Eden. It has been identified from cropmarks visible on aerial photographs which clearly show the infilled encircling ditch of the enclosure together with a narrower infilled linear ditch connecting with an entrance on the north eastern side of the enclosure and interpreted as the eastern boundary of a contemporary trackway. There is a modern pond within the enclosure. The enclosure is sub-rectangular and measures approximately 88m east-west by 90m north-south at its widest parts. It is surrounded by a ditch varying between c.2m-4m wide. At the north eastern side of the enclosure there is an entrance c.5m wide. Immediately north of this entrance the trackway ditch arcs to run NNE-SSW along the eastern side of the enclosure for approximately 100m. A post and wire fence and two gateposts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Stuckley, W, Itinerarium Curiosum, (1776), 47
Crawford, O G S, 'Antiquity' in Notes and News: Long Meg, , Vol. 8, (), 328-9
Other
AP No. CCC 2522,18, Cumbria County Council, Throstle Brow,

National Grid Reference: NY 56615 37491

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007867 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 09:42:27.

End of official listing