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Soldier's Ring hillfort

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Soldier's Ring hillfort

List entry Number: 1007885

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Guildford

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Seale and Sands

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Nov-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Jan-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20178

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for between 150 and 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features include square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six postholes and interpreted as raised granaries, timber or stone round houses, large storage pits and hearths as well as scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh Marches, central and southern England. In view of the rarity of slight univallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities, all examples which survive comparatively well and have potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.

Soldier's Ring hillfort survives well and contains both archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Together with the broadly contemporary site of Botany Hill, 500m to the west, the site will enhance our understanding of settlement and social organisation during the Iron Age period in this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an oval enclosure, identified as a slight univallate hillfort, situated on a steep-sided natural knoll of Greensand on the north side of Crooksbury Hill. It is one of a pair of similar enclosures within 500m of each other. The enclosure is defined by a bank and outer ditch, with additional defences on the south and north sides, and includes an area c.48m across. The bank survives to a height of 0.5m and is 5m wide. The ditch has become partially infilled over the years but is visible as an earthwork feature 4m wide and up to 1m deep. Beyond the ditch on the north side of the monument the steep slope has been scarped to form an additional defence, while to the south an embankment has been constructed providing a strong rampart 16m wide and 2.4m high. Without such a rampart, this area would have been particularly vulnerable to attack.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
1728,
Ordnance Survey, SU 88/46,
OW819 SU92,

National Grid Reference: SU 88014 46205

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007885 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Oct-2017 at 04:55:24.

End of official listing