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Round cairn and cist 440m east of White Tor summit

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn and cist 440m east of White Tor summit

List entry Number: 1007947

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Jan-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Jan-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22204

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn and stone cist 440m east of White Tor summit survive well and contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This area contains abundant archaeological evidence relating to Prehistoric settlement and land-use and this funerary monument is an important constituent part of this Bronze Age upland landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a round cairn containing a stone cist situated on a gentle south-east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Walkham. The round cairn mound measures 7.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high. A stone kerb defining the outer edge of the mound is visible on the north-west and north-east sides and probably survives elsewhere around the circumference as a buried feature. The interior of the stone cist measures 1.1m long by 0.7m wide by 0.7m deep, is made of greenstone and is complete except for the western slab. The displaced capstone which now lies close to the eastern side stone is partly turf-covered and measures 1.3m long by 0.8m wide and 0.5m thick. The Dartmoor Exploration Committee excavated the cist in 1899, but found no artefacts.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Other
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW6,

National Grid Reference: SX 54694 78690

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007947 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 07:21:36.

End of official listing