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The Trevia Cross, at Sportsmans

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The Trevia Cross, at Sportsmans

List entry Number: 1007967

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Camelford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Feb-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24276

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south-west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a 'latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped with the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or 'wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the 'Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The Trevia Cross head has survived reasonably well and despite the loss of its original shaft, it remains a good example of a wheel-headed cross, with an unusual, slender-limbed relief cross motif. Its known former location beside a church path, in the same parish as its present position, shows well the major function of wayside crosses and shows clearly the longevity of many routes still in use. The burial of this cross in the hedgebank until the late 19th century and its subsequent restoration illustrates the changing attitudes to religion that have prevailed since the Reformation and the impact of those changes on the landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval wayside cross, known as the Trevia Cross, and a 2m protective margin, situated beside a road junction at Sportsmans, on the south-west edge of Camelford in north Cornwall. The Trevia Cross survives with a large round or 'wheel' head and the integral neck of its original shaft cemented on a modern groundfast shaft. The cross measures 1.3m in overall height. The head is 0.52m in diameter and 0.2m thick. Each principal face of the head bears a relief equal-limbed cross, 0.4m high by 0.4m across the limbs. The limbs are of a constant 0.07m width and extend to a 0.06m wide peripheral bead. The surviving neck of the original shaft, immediately below the head, is 0.08m high and of rectangular section, 0.3m wide and 0.19m thick, undecorated. This neck is cemented onto a modern granite shaft 0.7m high, 0.35m wide and 0.22m thick, tapering to meet the original neck at its upper end. The Trevia Cross has been situated on the modern shaft at the western side of a road junction in the Sportsmans district of south-west Camelford since 1970. The cross was discovered in August 1894 buried in a hedgebank 274m west of the former Camelford workhouse, which was located adjacent to the west of the present location of the cross. The deliberate burial of a number of such crosses beside their original sites took place during the Reformation (c.1540). The location of its burial is beside a road south of Trevia village. This road is part of a route across the northern part of the parish which runs, via present footpaths and minor roads, directly to the parish church at Lanteglos by Camelford. Shortly after its discovery, the cross was removed for safety to the garden of Trevia Farm where it remained until 1970 when it was re-erected in its present position. The surface of the modern footpath passing east of the cross is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Langdon, A G, Stone Crosses of North Cornwall, (1992)
Langdon, A G, Old Cornish Crosses, (1896)
Other
AM7 scheduling documentation for CO 223,
Information told to MPPFW by Mr Andrew Langdon on 19/7/93,
Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map; SX 08/18: Pathfinder Series 1325 Source Date: 1986 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: 6": 1 mile Ordnance Survey Map; Cornwall XIV SE Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor: c.1907 Edition.

National Grid Reference: SX 10126 83461

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007967 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 08:02:05.

End of official listing