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Prehistoric irregular aggregate field system, stone hut circles and a medieval field on the south-west slope of White Tor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Prehistoric irregular aggregate field system, stone hut circles and a medieval field on the south-west slope of White Tor

List entry Number: 1007978

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Feb-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22215

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are a major feature of the moor landscape. Irregular aggregate field systems are one of several methods of field layout known to have been employed in south-west England from the Bronze Age to the Roman period (c 2000 BC - 400 AD). They comprise a collection of field plots, generally lacking conformity of orientation and arrangement, containing fields with sinuous outlines and varying shapes and sizes, bounded by stone or rubble walls or banks, ditches or fences. They are often located around or near ceremonial and funerary monuments and often contain settlement evidence in the form of stone hut circles. They are an important element of the existing landscape and are representative of farming practice over a long period. A substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The large rectangular field of medieval or post-medieval date and its associated shelter provide valuable archaeological information relating to the re-use of this part of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Prehistoric irregular aggregate field system, stone hut circles, a medieval field, a clearance cairn and animal shelter situated on a south-west facing slope overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook. The irregular aggregate field system survives as stony banks averaging 0.3m high and 1.8m wide representing over ten distinct field-plots. Some of the original walling material has been robbed to construct the later rectangular field. A platform situated towards the southern edge of the field system represents the site of a stone hut circle. A second stone hut circle lies outside the now visible extent of the field system but may originally have been within it. This building is terraced into the hillslope, has an internal diameter of 8.8m and is defined by a 1.7m wide wall standing up to 0.3m high. The large, clearly defined rectangular field is superimposed upon the eastern part of the earlier irregular aggregate field system. The field measures 190m east to west by 100m north to south and is defined by a flat-topped bank 2m wide and standing up to 0.4m high. Lying within the field are two lengths of boundary bank associated with the earlier field system, a clearance cairn measuring 2.5m in diameter and 0.35m high, a stone hut circle and a small animal shelter. This field is of medieval or post-medieval origin and is contemporary with the animal shelter which is constructed against the inner face of the western boundary wall. This building is triangular in plan and measures internally 8m long north to south by 4.2m wide east to west. The walling is composed of a roughly faced rubble bank measuring 1.2m wide and standing up to 0.2m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NW88,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW71,

National Grid Reference: SX 53308 77874

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 03:13:13.

End of official listing